ERIC Number: ED208182
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug-28
Reference Count: 0
Family Success and Sexual Equality: The Limits of the Dual-Career Family Model.
Dual-career analysis is misleading as a guide to actual developments in wives' employment and family economic patterns at different levels of the class system. Weaknesses can be examined through seven empirical propositions concerning the determinants of family employment patterns at various class levels. (1) Despite recent gains, married women in elite professions remain numerically insignificant among all married women. (2) Rather than serving as a model of sexual equality, the elite dual-career pattern most often reproduces traditional husband-wife inequalities. (3) Despite high education levels, affluence, and other conditions facilitating career orientation, most wives of high income husbands do not engage in careers. (4) Women in elite professions are far more likely than comparable men to be single, married and childless, or divorced. (5) Married women in professional occupations are still concentrated in traditionally female, low-paid professions. (6) Continued growth of married women's employment in clerical, lower level professional, and service jobs overshadows the elite dual-career stratum. (7) Unlike elite dual-career couples, most working and subordinate middle class dual-earner couples cannot afford expensive services and leisure time. Contemporary analysis of women's employment and family change must move beyond limitations of dual-career analysis to encompass situations of nonelite women. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dual Career Family
Note: Paper presented at the Meetings of the American Sociological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 28, 1981).