ERIC Number: ED208014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Schematic and Taxonomic Organization in Free Recall.
Rabinowitz, Mitchell; Mandler, Jean M.
In free recall learning, taxonomic organization has been studied almost to the exclusion of alternative types of organization. Consequently, little is known about how learning and memory are affected by alternative types of organizations. The present experiments explored the differential effects of two kinds of organization on free recall learning. One type was the familiar taxonomic organization, based on relations of similarity; the other a schematic organization, based on temporal or causal connections between the units. Subjects recalled more items when the material was organized in a schematic organization than when the materials were organized in either a taxonomic or random organization. The findings are discussed in terms of how different types of organization differently affect learning and recall. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Encoding (Psychological); Schemata
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).