ERIC Number: ED208010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Facilitating Recognition Memory: The Use of Distinctive Contexts in Study Materials and Tests.
Marlin, Carol A.; And Others
The effects of distinctive background settings on children's recognition memory for subjects and objects of related sentences was examined. As a follow-up to a study by Levin, Ghatala, and Truman (1979), the effects of presenting distinctive background contexts in sentences and multiple-choice tests were separated from the effects of providing such contexts in the sentences alone. Eighty-five grade 3 and 4 students from a racially and economically balanced, Southern elementary school participated in the study. Results indicated that when distinctive contexts were included both in related sentences and in multiple-choice test-item stems, recognition performance was significantly increased. However, the provision of distinctive contexts in the sentences alone did not enhance recognition memory. Results of the study are examined within the framework of the frequency theory of recognition memory. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Contextual Associative Method
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).