ERIC Number: ED207926
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
U.S.S.R.--Children and Schooling.
Culbertson, Frances M.
This paper discusses Russia's educational system. The major goal of all education in Russia is to train individuals to participate actively in some form of useful work. All educational policy is set by the Communist party. All schools are run by the state and are free. In 1975, ten years of compulsory, free education was introduced, starting at age seven. Education is provided in either general or polytechnical schools. After eight years of schooling, a student may enter a vocational training school or a specialized school. In 1979, ninety-eight percent of the Soviet students were graduating with a secondary-school education. Entrance level to the university is limited by a selection process. Only 20% of the high school graduates go on to the university. A guarantee to get into the university is to go to the USSR special schools in mathematics, science, or language. These schools admit only two-percent of the school population and are responsible for the growing reputation today of the Russian student as the brightest students in the world of mathematics, languages, and the sciences. As an example of schooling in Russia, the paper then describes the neighborhood kindergarten schools--Detsky Sads. In a Detsky Sad, one is apt to find about 150 children. Much of the learning is activity-oriented. In learning to write, there is a great emphasis in use of the right hand; left handedness is severely discouraged. The role of the school psychologist is discussed. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August, 1981).