ERIC Number: ED207922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Southern Aged: Race, Residence and Socioeconomic Conditions.
Horan, Patrick M.; Killian, Molly Sizer
This paper examines the socioeconomic circumstances of the aged population in the Southern United States. Data used are drawn from the 15% 1970 Public Use Sample for noninstitutionalized individuals aged 55 and over from Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina. The paper focuses on some of the major dimensions of social differentiation within the aged population. The impact of race and rural/urban residence on a series of socioeconomic outcomes, including living conditions, position (past or current) in the labor force, and the levels and sources of economic support is investigated. Findings include the following. The Black aged in the South experience much worse living conditions than do the White aged within all residence categories. Living conditions for both races improve substantially with movement from rural to urban to major metropolitan settings. For both sexes and for both racial categories, personal earnings, as well as personal income, increases from rural to urban to major metropolitan settings. In rural areas, the earnings and income levels of Black males are about half that of their White male counterparts; and these economic differences between Black and White males increases in the urban and major metropolitan areas. Regarding sources of income, the dependence on social security and railroad retirement remains fairly constant across residential categories for Blacks of both sexes, but declines for Whites from rural to urban to major metropolitan areas. In general, the aged in metropolitan areas depend more heavily on earnings as a source of personal income than the aged in urban or in rural areas. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: United States (South)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Assocation (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1981).