ERIC Number: ED207895
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May-28
Reference Count: 0
On the Democratization of Education in the GDR.
Dietrich, Gunter; And Others
Education in East Germany is discussed in this paper. The introduction provides a brief survey of educational reform in East Germany since 1945. Seventy-five percent of the teachers in service up to 1945 were dismissed because of their fascist and militaristic attitudes. New teachers were trained. All young people, irrespective of their parents' social position, were given equal access to education. Various forms of linking instruction and productive work, including polytechnical instruction, vocational training, and technical schools were begun. The paper then goes on to discuss one of the basic principles of the socialist school--the linkage of school and life. Experimental activities, field trips, children's and youth's organizations, industry or agriculture sponsored activities, exhibitions, and fairs are discussed as methods for making school more relevant to students. Today in East Germany almost every school has a sponsor factory of its own. Each sponsor contract includes concrete measures for one year. Skilled workers, engineers, artists and scientists visit classes, organize field trips, and develop slide shows for students. The implementation of the polytechnical principle in mathematics, in the natural sciences, and in the social sciences is discussed. Polytechnical instruction in crafts, gardening, and technical drawings is also examined. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers: East Germany