ERIC Number: ED207889
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov-28
Reference Count: 0
The Cloze and Maze as Measures of Comprehension of a Social Studies Text: A Preliminary Report.
Oshima, Lynette K.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether three procedures-- the cloze, maze, and intact cloze--were reliable and valid measures of readability. One hundred and eighty one sophomores were involved in the study. A passage, An Industrial Giant: Standard Oil Company, from the U.S. history textbook "The People Make a Nation" (Sandler, Rozwenc, and Martin) was selected. The students were asked to read the passage, to take a readability test using the cloze, maze, or intact cloze and to take a comprehension test. Results include the following. First, the cloze, maze, and intact cloze were found to be reliable and valid measures of readability. However, the cloze appears to be the most effective and efficient when compared to the maze and intact cloze. Second, results of past research indicate current methods of assessment (i.e., formulas and standardized tests ) to be relatively accurate and acceptable. Recent research suggests the importance of other factors not included in current readability measures such as the concept load, horizontal readability of the text and the linguisitc and cognitive development of the reader. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Maze Technique
Note: CUFA Presentation to the National Council for the Social Studies (New Orleans, LA, November 28, 1980).