ERIC Number: ED207877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Education, Society and Politics in Sweden. Monograph No. 2.
Burns, R. J.
Interrelationships among the educational, social, and political systems of Sweden are examined, with particular emphasis on the recent trend toward internationalization. Sweden is described in general terms as a highly industrialized, technologically-advanced nation with a high standard of living, far-reaching welfare policies, and high levels of bureaucratization and taxation. Sweden's political system, which has been dominated by the socialist policies and ideology of the Social Democratic party since 1932, has taken seriously its mandate to inculcate children, youth, and adults with the predominantly socialist goals and ideals of Swedish society. Because this inculcation has taken place largely within the formal educational system, the author believes that an examination of educational objectives and practices will result in a clearer understanding of Swedish society. Review of major educational innovations in Sweden since the 1700's indicates that the trend toward internationalization is reflected in a variety of ways, including democratization of education; increase in the number of immigrant students (including political refugees, foreign workers, and children of foreign workers); increase in the number of courses at all educational levels on Sweden's role in the modern world; expansion of programs involving international technical and financial assistance to developing nations; increase in the amount of educational research on international topics; and generous government funding of international affairs institutes such as the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. The conclusion is that there is a close correspondence between the Socialist and international aims and philosphy of Sweden's society, educational system, and political system. (DB)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Developed Nations, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industrialization, Living Standards, Politics, Secondary Education, Social Change, Socialism, Sociocultural Patterns, Socioeconomic Background
Comparative Centre, School of Education, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: La Trobe Univ., Bundoora (Australia). Centre for Comparative and International Studies in Education.