**ERIC Number:**ED207847

**Record Type:**RIE

**Publication Date:**1981-Aug

**Pages:**31

**Abstractor:**N/A

**Reference Count:**0

**ISBN:**N/A

**ISSN:**N/A

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and the Consideration of Math-Related Majors: A Preliminary Path Model.

Hackett, Gail

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that mathematics-related self-efficacy mediates the effects of gender and mathematical preparation and achievement on mathematics-relatedness of college major. The responses of 117 undergraduates to a series of inventories and questionnaires yielded seven variables descriptive of the mathematics-related career-choice process; a causal model of the interrelationships of these variables was constructed from predictions based on self-efficacy theory. A path analysis and consequent refinement of the model resulted in a final path model which was congruent with a self-efficacy approach to women's career development. Gender was found to influence mathematics self-efficacy indirectly through two avenues of influence: (1) socialization influences, as captured by the Bem Sex Role Inventory masculinity score; and (2) mathematics preparation, as mediated by the years of high school mathematics and mathematics achievement level. Mathematics-related self-efficacy in turn influenced both mathematics anxiety and mathematics-relatedness of college major. Gender, years of high school mathematics, and mathematics anxiety were also found to influence mathematics major choice directly, as well as indirectly through mathematics self-efficacy. Unexpected results and implications of the model are discussed. (Author)

**Publication Type:**Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers

**Education Level:**N/A

**Audience:**N/A

**Language:**English

**Sponsor:**N/A

**Authoring Institution:**N/A

**Identifiers:**Mathematics Education Research; Self Efficacy

**Note:**Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, August, 1981).