ERIC Number: ED207748
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar-23
Reference Count: 0
Study of Aspirations, Attitudes and Motivational Structure of Adolescent Girl Students of Iraq for Out-of-Home Jobs.
Shukla, Aditya N.; El-Hanafy, Mohammad Ghanim
To ascertain the educational, occupational and social aspirations, attitudes and motivation-structure of Iraqi adolescent girl students, a questionnaire was distributed to 137 randomly-selected students from 2 colleges at the University of Mosul. Respondents were predominantly urban-oriented, dormitory residents, unmarried, average in scholastic performance, and from families of medium/high education and of middle income; 37.23% aspired to doctoral levels, 21.17% to master's degrees, and 41.60% to baccalaureates. After completing baccalaureate studies, almost 51% wanted out-of-home jobs to serve country, 31.31% aspired to post-graduate studies, and 21% wanted to marry; 81% of the total sample desired permanent out-of-home work, whereas 3-5% aspired to work either temporarily, until marriage, or if family income status required; teaching (43.06%) and research (40.87%) were the most favored professions, with 8.76% desiring extension-oriented work. For social aspirations, 88.31% wanted to choose their own husband, whose most desirable traits would be good character, high education, good personality, and awareness of women's rights and equality; 53.28% wanted two children or fewer. Leading motivations for out-of-home job aspirations were to serve the country, have higher social recognition/status, and acquire new experiences. The major implication was that intensive efforts should encourage girls of rural areas/low economic status to enhance their aspirations. (AW/MH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need, Adolescents, College Students, Educational Attitudes, Employment Opportunities, Females, Feminism, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Mate Selection, Occupational Aspiration, Self Concept, Social Environment, Social Status, Status Need, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Student Motivation, Urban Population
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the "Youth Sociology" Research Committee Meeting of the International Sociological Association (Fredeburg, Federal Republic of Germany, March 23-27, l98l). Some pages may not reproduce clearly due to poor print quality.