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ERIC Number: ED207700
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Emotional Experience and Regulation of Expressive Behavior.
Saarni, Carolyn
Issues related to children's ability to conceal their immediate emotional experiences by displaying alternate socially or personally motivated facial expressions are discussed. Four basic categories of dissimulation of emotional experience are specified, and motives for the use of cultural and personal display rules and direct deception are posed. Research among first-, third-, and fifth-grade students reveals four categories of display rule use (trouble-avoiding, maintenance of self-esteem, qualifying factors of a relationship, and maintenance of norms), each category increasing with age. Children across all three age groups were able to cite instances in which they concealed their feelings and/or thought they had observed others do so. When age-inappropriate rewards were given to students for evaluating the difficulty level of a workbook, first graders, especially boys, were the most negative, fifth graders, especially girls, were the most positive. The most prevalent behavior across all age groups was smiling slightly, followed by abruptly ceasing to smile altogether. In the concluding section of the paper some effects of children's regulation of facial expression on their emotional experiences are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Deception; Facial Expressions; Rule Learning
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).