ERIC Number: ED207214
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Reformation and Counter-Reformation in Illinois School Finance: 1973-1981.
Hickrod, G. Alan; And Others
A nine-year evaluation of the effects of Illinois' 1973 school finance reforms on educational equity indicated that the degree of equity increased from 1972 until about 1977 but then decreased through 1981. The researchers measured educational equity in terms of both wealth (or fiscal) neutrality and the variation among school districts in expenditures per pupil. A review of previous equity research revealed no clear trends in the achievement of educational equity. This evaluation studied all 1,100 Illinois school districts, using four statistical measures, including a coefficient of variation, a Gini index of inequality, and linear regression. Variables examined comprise local tax revenues, state aid, property values, expenditures, and numbers of pupils. Besides illustrating the 1972-1981 changes in Illinois' educational equity, the findings showed that state aid increased the degree of equity, and that equity declined after 1977 because wealthier districts raised their tax rates more than poorer districts. Further research is recommended on the effects of state school law changes on equity. The researchers also feel that the state must decide whether to limit local taxation in the pursuit of educational equity. (RW)
Descriptors: Assessed Valuation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equalization Aid, Expenditure per Student, Finance Reform, Longitudinal Studies, State Aid, State Surveys, Statistical Analysis, Tax Rates
Center for the Study of Educational Finance, Department of Educational Administration and Foundations, College of Education, Illinois State University, 331 DeGarmo Hall, Normal, IL 61761 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois State Univ., Normal. Graduate School.; Illinois School Problems Commission, Springfield.
Authoring Institution: Illinois State Univ., Normal. Center for the Study of Educational Finance.
Identifiers: Equity (Education); Illinois; School District Wealth; Wealth Neutrality