ERIC Number: ED207052
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
American Reporters/Soviet Reporters: A Convergence?
Mills, Rilla Dean
While the concept of "objective" reporting in the United States has been under attack from critics who demanded more interpretation from the press, a move in the opposite direction seems to be taking place in the Soviet Union, as the concept of journalist as strictly an advocate for the Communist party seems to be giving way to the concept of impartial reporting. Lenin's emphasis on what readers needed to prepare them for the new Soviet society instead of what they wanted led to a denigration of traditional news items, but recently the Soviet press has been willing to publish at least abbreviated accounts of natural disasters. Soviet journalists have developed three ways to cope with the problem of the Leninist view of journalism: they can ignore the issues for which they have no clear guidelines from the party; they can report and investigate aggressively on such issues, taking a position that seems to agree with the Leninist principals; or they can approach the issue as an American reporter might, without any firm preconceptions and with determination to examine all possible points of view. While the Leninist view will never elevate the concept of objectivity to the status it has enjoyed in American journalism, some Soviet reporters value the concept out of a newly emerging professional pride. (HTH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalistic Objectivity; Lenin (Vladimir); News Reporters; Russia; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981).