ERIC Number: ED206824
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Health Manpower Assessment Within the Framework of Area Health Education Center Evaluation.
Schaefer, Daniel E.; And Others
The Eastern Virginia Area Health Education Center (AHEC) Program provides the organization and funding for implementing substantial linkages among the Eastern Virginia Medical School, affiliated institutions, and health-care professions; and establishing a center in the adjacent geographic services areas. The Bureau of Health Manpower contract mandates the evaluation of the program and each center to improve the supply, distribution, quality, use, and efficiency of health personnel in the health service delivery system in the AHEC area. To meet this requirement, an evaluation has been developed and categorized according to four program components: health practitioner distributions, student recruitment/retention, learning resources, and educational programs. This paper addresses the physician population/distribution component only. Its major purpose is to critique the methodologies currently in use to project physician requirements so as to identify a defensible model to be implemented by the Eastern Virginia AHEC program. The first section of the paper describes two major models for estimating physician requirements: need-based and demand-based. Included are examples of techniques from each: two need-based models, Graduate Medical Education National Advisory Committee (GMENAC) and Health Needs; and two demand-based models, Health Manpower/Population Ratio and Economic (Effective) Demand. The next section discusses the rationale for selection of techniques to be implemented by the Eastern Virginia AHEC program. The final section describes the connection between physician estimates and the planning objectives of the AHEC program. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Eastern Virginia Medical Authority.
Identifiers: Eastern Virginia Area Health Education Center
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting (Los Angeles, CA, April 13, 1981).