ERIC Number: ED206767
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Black Working Class Adolescents' Attitudes Toward Academic Achievement.
Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin
This paper examines the discrepancy between black working class students' positive attitudes toward academic achievement and their failure to achieve good grades. The research presented was drawn from a study which altered a high school's reward structure, and then tested its effects on student attitudes toward academic achievement. The results of the study indicated that the working class black youth who participated in the research overwhelmingly held positive attitudes toward academic achievement. However, in the year the attitude survey was taken, these students scored below the 10th pencentile in both verbal and quantitative measures on California statewide examinations. The paper concludes that the study effects two different frames of reference, which Frank Parkin has called dominant and subordinate value septems. Further elaboration brings in the research of John Ogbu and Raymond Boudon, and suggests that, since the students are members of the working class and a subordinate racial group, they perceive members of their class/race as not adequately rewarded for academic achievement. Thus, their actual behavior, according to the paper, reflects the subordinate value septem. (ML)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bourdon (Raymond); Ogbu (John); Parkin (Frank)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).