ERIC Number: ED206441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Language Usage and the Status Attainment of Chicano Males. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. No. 6.
Garcia, Steve B.
The implications of an ethnicity variable, language usage patterns, on the status attainment of 1,777 Mexican American males, ages 18 to 64 years, in the civilian labor force were studied. Language was viewed as a background variable that influences the relative positioning of Chicanos in the stratification system. It was hypothesized that, in general, an inverse relationship exists between Spanish use and socio-economic attainment. Using data from the 1976 Survey of Income and Education, language was operationalized into five bilingual/monolingual categories of English and Spanish use. Subsequently, total, direct, and indirect effects were decomposed and analyzed using age, earning, education, occupation, weeks worked, region, and language usage as dependent variables. Contrary to previous evidence, it was found that language usage patterns significantly influenced the occupational and income attainments of Chicano males. Specifically, the more English was used to the exclusion of Spanish, the greater the rise in schooling levels, job prestige, and work income. At the same time, most of the effects of language, in its role as a background characteristic, were mediated by education--a factor that has a crucial influence in Chicano assimilation patterns. (Author/NEC)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingualism, Economic Opportunities, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Level, Ethnicity, Income, Language Maintenance, Language Usage, Males, Mexican Americans, Social Mobility, Socioeconomic Status, Spanish Speaking
National Dissemination & Assessment Center, California State University, Los Angeles, CA 90032 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Bilingual Education.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Center for Population Research.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Los Angeles. National Dissemination and Assessment Center.