ERIC Number: ED206414
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Trends in Children's Attributions for Achievement and Social Outcomes.
Rich, Alexander R.; Hyatt, Jane M.
This study investigated developmental trends in children's attributions for success and failure in achievement and social situations. Twenty-four second graders, 21 fourth graders, and 24 sixth graders were shown pictures and told accompanying stories depicting either social and achievement success or social and achievement failure. They were then asked to generate as many reasons as possible as to why the outcomes occurred. The answers were categorized into attributional dimensions according to the Coding Scheme of Perceived Causality (Elig and Frieze, 1975). Results showed that the older children generated a larger number of different causes than did the younger children. All children generated more internal than external causes across situations and outcomes. Specifically, more internal-stable causes were generated for social situations and for success outcomes, while more internal-unstable reasons were generated for achievement situations and for failure outcomes. No significant sex differences were evident for any variable. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Causal Inferences
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-28, 1981).