ERIC Number: ED206375
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
The Kindergarten: A Retrospective and Contemporary View.
Changes in kindergarten education in the United States from its inception to the present and reasons for the historical changes are explored. Froebel's approach to kindergarten education is described and the introduction of kindergarten programs in the United States by various sponsors such as the Women's Temperance Union, churches, and settlement houses is depicted. Programmatic change from Froebel's theologically oriented rationale to the concepts and practices of progressive education to the prescriptive kindergarten programs of the present as well as changes in the number of children attending kindergarten are delineated. Subsequently, continuities and discontinuities in curriculum development are identified and changes in developmental theories used to justify early childhood education are pointed out. Concluding sections discuss pressures for early instruction in academic skills, the increased use of standardized tests to assess kindergarten achievement, and the presently inadequate preparation of kindergarten teachers. Suggestions are made for influencing future directions of kindergarten education. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Child Development, Curriculum Development, Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Kindergarten, Progressive Education, Teacher Education, Testing
Ablex Publishing Corporation, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648 (Contact publisher for price).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.
Note: To be published as a chapter in "Current Topics in Early Childhood Education," Volume IV, 1982, Lilian G. Katz, Editor.