ERIC Number: ED206371
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Teaching a Game to a Friend: Normal and Learning Disabled Children's Knowledge About Communication.
Kotsonis, Miriam E.; Patterson, Charlotte J.
A study of metacommunicative knowledge was conducted among 10-year-old and 7- to 8-year-old normal and learning disabled (LD) children to ascertain differences in the extent of their knowledge of (1) signs of communication stress and failure and (2) techniques that facilitate effective communication. The specific communication variables investigated were cue sensitivity and strategy use. Subjects were 45 boys (24 LD and 21 normal children from public elementary schools) who were interviewed individually by an adult female who asked each subject a series of open-ended questions about how he would teach a friend to play a game that his friend did not know how to play. Audiotape records of each interview were transcribed verbatim for coding, and responses were scored on a scale of 0 to 3 by two independent coders. Results showed that for both cue sensitivity and strategy use, knowledge increased with age. LD children did not differ from normals on Knowledge about cue sensitivity, but they displayed less knowledge than normals on knowledge about strategies for effective communication. Results suggest that limitations in metacommunicative knowledge may contribute to the communicative deficiencies of LD and younger normal children. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981). Research also supported in part by a Danforth Fellowship.