ERIC Number: ED205923
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Facilitating Reading Comprehension through Flowcharting. Technical Report No. 211.
Two studies were conducted in an effort to see if less skilled readers could be trained to pay closer attention to the hierarchically coherent aspects of text by representing text structures in nodes-relations flowcharts. The subjects were 88 students from two community colleges. A pretest-posttest design with controls was employed. The analysis of data in the first study showed that a significant improvement on the Nelson-Denny Reading Comprehension test scores accompanied an improvement in the quality of posttest text flowcharts produced by experimental students. In the second study, an experimental group of less skilled readers improved significantly more than a comparable control group on the Nelson-Denny Reading Comprehension test. On another comprehension test, designed to measure students' sensitivity to interpropositional relations, experimental students performed significantly better than control students. In addition to the statistical analyses in the second study, samples from experimental-group students' written products were subjected to in-depth analyses. These analyses pointed to qualitative changes in subjects' ability to construct text flowcharting, and supported the quantitative analyses. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.