ERIC Number: ED205908
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Schema Utilization by Skilled and Less Skilled Sixth Grade Readers.
Ryan, Ellen Bouchard; And Others
Twenty-four sixth grade students participated in a study that adapted earlier reading research to determine whether students would demonstrate sensitivity to the presence or absence of a relevant schema in a passage and whether skilled readers would show more use of the schema than would less skilled readers. Six skilled and six less skilled readers read a passage in which information was presented in a schematically appropriate sequence, while the remaining six skilled and six less skilled students read a passage in which the same information was presented in a schematically inappropriate sequence. Findings indicated that (1) the subjects benefited from schematically relevant textual information, (2) no differential gain was exhibited as a function of reading ability, and (3) schematically relevant information was better encoded and better retrieved than schematically irrelevant information. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schema Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).