ERIC Number: ED205874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Self-Disclosure and Self-Monitoring: The Effect of a Personality Variable on Reciprocal Self-Disclosure.
Smith, Jonathan E.; And Others
Research on self-disclosure has suggested that in dyadic social interactions, self-disclosure by one member of the dyad tends to be reciprocated by the other. Little is known, however, about the parameters of self-disclosure and reciprocity. Investigators have sought to relate self-disclosure to various personality constructs, such as self-monitoring; high self-monitors are sensitive to the expression and self-presentation of others and often use others' disclosures as cues for their own behavior. College students completed the Self-Monitoring Scale and were classified as either high self-monitors (N=24) or low self-monitors (N=24). Each subject was paired with a confederate to discuss four topics. The confederate spoke first, disclosing information that was either high or low in intimacy. The subject then discussed the same topic. Later, subjects completed questionnaires concerning their impressions of both the confederate and the issues discussed. Analysis of the data revealed that high self-monitors were significantly more likely than low self-monitors to imitate the confederate or present similar information. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Disclosure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (27th, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1981).