ERIC Number: ED205805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Effectiveness of a Workshop on Aging in Changing Middle-Aged Adults' Attitudes toward the Aged.
Glass, J. Conrad, Jr.; Knott, Elizabeth S.
A study examined whether middle-aged adults' attitudes toward persons could be changed in a positive direction through planned educational experiences designed specifically to change attitudes. A sample of 162 middle-aged adults from various sections of North Carolina (89 of whom constituted the experimental group and 79 of whom comprised the control group) participated in the study. Both groups completed the Kogan Attitudes Toward Old People Scale, the Purpose in Life Test (PIL), and a general informative test both before and two to four months after the experiment. While the control group received no instruction, the experimental group participated in a series of six two-hour workshops on aging. The adults' attitudes toward older persons changed significantly in a positive direction following the workshop series, whereas attitudes of those in the control group decreased. Those adults with higher PIL scores held significantly more positive attitudes toward the aged than those with lower PIL scores. Other variables that seemed to be linked to attitudes toward aging include marital status, race, and family income, with unmarried non-white adults with annual incomes above $12,000 having the most positive attitude changes. Recommendations call for further research to examine different age groups and additional variables. (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: NRTA-AARP Andrus Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. Dept. of Adult and Community Coll. Education.
Identifiers: Kogan Attitudes Toward Old People Scale; North Carolina; Purpose in Life Test