ERIC Number: ED205400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Psychology and Mathematical Problem Solving. Technical Report Series in Learning and Cognition, Report No. 80-1.
Mayer, Richard E.
Recent research on human memory and cognition with particular emphasis on research that might have some promise for mathematics education is reviewed. The focus is on techniques for analyzing the mind in two areas: (1) the architecture of the human memory system, using the information processing model; and (2) the content and structure of knowledge that a student brings to a problem, using the comprehension, schema, process, and strategy models. The document describes each of these models in separate sections, along with some recent findings by researchers using each analysis technique. It is felt that to understand mathematics learning and problem solving, one must understand both the hardware (e.g., the information processing model) and software (e.g., comprehension, schema, process, and strategy models) that a pupil brings to a task. Promising signs are seen that there will be a continuing "fruitful interaction" between the needs of the mathematics classroom and the development of analytic theories in cognitive psychology. (MP)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Barbara. Dept. of Psychology.
Identifiers: Cognitive Psychology; Heuristic Models; Heuristics; Mathematics Education Research; Word Problems (Mathematics)
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Mathematical Education (4th, Berkeley, CA, August, 1980).