ERIC Number: ED205339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Agricultural, Social and Educational Change in Rural Wisconsin 1953-1973.
Duncan, James A.; Moyer, Harriett
Surveys of 380 Wisconsin farm households taken in 1953, 1963 and 1973 documented social, attitudinal, institutional and technological changes over a 20-year period, and suggested some basic trends in neighborhood and kin contacts, farm-practice adoption, attitudes toward education, and participation in voluntary organizations. Educational trends revealed a reorganized district structure from over 5,000 one- and two-room school districts to approximately 350 K-12 comprehensive community school districts; emphasis on higher levels of teacher training; transportation of pupils for long distances; provision of specialized pupil services; increased educational aspirations of parents for their children; and increasing acceptance and support of compulsory attendance laws, elementary and high school programs, school organization and reorganization, pupil transportation, school lunch programs, teacher training, and parents' organizations. Rate of neighborhood and kinship contacts remained surprisingly consistent overall; exchange of work with neighbors decreased and exchange of work with relatives increased. Of 15 farm practices surveyed, adoption of soils and crops practices generally had increased, while dairy-practice adoption had decreased. Overall participation in voluntary organizations increased slightly; most households belonged to a religious organization, with membership in cooperatives having the second highest percentage; households showed a notable lack of membership in ethnic and political organizations and social clubs. (NEC)
Descriptors: Agricultural Trends, Attitude Change, Community Relations, Consolidated Schools, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnicity, Family Relationship, Family School Relationship, Interaction, Longitudinal Studies, Neighborhoods, Organizations (Groups), Religious Factors, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Farm Residents, Social Behavior, Social Change, Trend Analysis
Dept. of Agricultural Journalism, Hiram Smith Hall, College of Agriculture, UW-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Coll. of Agricultural and Life Sciences.
Identifiers: Agricultural Change; Wisconsin