ERIC Number: ED205307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Self-Concept Change in an Outdoor Leadership Course Using Communication Skills and Debriefings.
Benson, Lyle E.
A sample of 17 Camrose Lutheran College students (ages 19 to 24) who were enrolled in a 22-day wilderness Outdoor Education Leadership Course and a control group of 22 students who were not enrolled in the course were studied for changes in participants' self-concept and for the factors and curriculum activities which affected self-concept. Examined were leadership team, communication skills, participants, environment, spiritual beliefs, X-factor, and curriculum events. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale was administered to the experimental group before and after the course and to the control group prior to the course. Results showed a significant increase in the total self-concept of the experimental group. Observation and participant responses indicated that the leadership team, communication skills, participants' interaction in the camping group, and the environment were the most important factors inducing change in self-concept. The most important elements of the communication skills factor were the individual student assessment with the leadership team, the first two camping group debriefings, and the use of communication skills within each camping group. Course participants also indicated that they had experienced personal growth and had learned outdoor skills and communication skills. (Author/CM)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Camping, College Students, Communication Skills, Experiential Learning, Higher Education, Identification (Psychology), Interpersonal Relationship, Leadership Training, Moral Development, Outdoor Education, Outdoor Leadership, Self Concept, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Social Cognition
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Tennessee Self Concept Scale; Wilderness Education Programs
Note: M.A. Thesis, Whitworth College, Spokane, WA.