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ERIC Number: ED205127
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Black and White Student Backgrounds and Perceptions of a Predominantly White Campus Environment: Implications for Institutional Research and Program Development. AIR Forum 1981 Paper.
Reichard, Donald J.; Hengstler, Dennis D.
Differences between black and white undergraduate student backgrounds and perceptions concerning a predominantly white university prior to college entrance, while enrolled, and within one year after receipt of a baccalaureate degree were examined. Data were collected between 1978 and 1980 from students at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, which has 70 percent female enrollment. Research measures included the Student Descriptive Questionnaire developed by the Educational Testing Service and the Student Perceptions Survey, which incorporates items from the Higher Education Measurement and Evaluation Kit and from a survey of black students enrolled in white colleges and universities, which was sponsored by the Southern Regional Education Board. A major difference that was found between black and white students' college experiences, was the need for financial assistance on the part of most black students. Another difference, which was consistent across the three time periods, was the academic aptitude and achievement of the students. Black students generally scored lower on the Scholastic Aptitude Test and saw themselves as deficient and in need of improving their math abilities. This difference in academic aptitude and achievement remained throughout the college years as evidenced by the difference in the grade point average for graduating seniors. The third major difference was related to students' social interests and activities. Blacks were much more interested than whites in participating in student government and activities of special ethnic or racial clubs, such as the Neo-Black Society. It is suggested that the findings illustrate the need for a supportive environment for minority students. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aptitude, Black Students, College Environment, Comparative Analysis, Extracurricular Activities, Financial Needs, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Longitudinal Studies, Racial Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Student Needs, Undergraduate Students, White Students
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: AIR Forum; University of North Carolina Greensboro
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research (21st, Minneapolis, MN, May 17-20, 1981).