ERIC Number: ED204987
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec-3
Reference Count: 0
Efficacy and Cost Effectiveness of an Early Intervention Program for Young Handicapped Children.
Weiss, Rita S.
Inclass Reactive Language (INREAL) was a Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) funded demonstration model to improve the language and related learning skills of 3 to 5 year old language handicapped and bilingual (Spanish) children by a naturalistic, nonstigmatizing method. A second goals was to redefine the role of the speech language pathologist who works with preschool and kindergarten children. Three procedures were used to evaluate the major objectives: experimental study to measure language development, longitudinal experimental study to measure the effectiveness of early identification and intervention in prevention of later language related learning problems, and cost effectiveness study to demonstrate efficacy. Third year demonstration grant results on matched experimental and control groups show that INREAL intervention effects highly significant language improvement in the experimental (INREAL) groups. The longitudinal data, gathered for 3 years after the INREAL intervention program had ended, show that use of the INREAL method at the preschool and kindergarten level results in the need for substantially fewer followup remedial services and fewer retention in grade placements. The longitudinal data have been translated into cost effectiveness based on Colorado Department of Education cost for special education services and show a per pupil saving of $1,108.76, including the instructional cost of INREAL treatment. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inclass Reactive Language Method; Limited English Speaking
Note: Paper presented at the Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) Project Directors' Meeting (Washington, DC, December 3, 1980).