ERIC Number: ED204823
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
Noncontent Speech Convergence among Talkative and Reticent Three Year-olds.
Street, Richard L., Jr.; And Others
The purposes of this study were to examine (1) the extent to which three-year-old children converged noncontent speech to that of adults and (2) whether a talkativeness-reticence factor influenced the degree of convergence. Four three-year-old girls individually interacted with six to eight unfamiliar adults in free-play settings. From videorecordings and verbatim transcripts, the degree of children's convergence to adult speech (moves toward similarity) was assessed on dimensions of speech rate, response latency, utterance length, and number of utterances. Three conclusions were drawn from the results: (1) at age three, noncontent speech convergence was evident, although the convergence mechanism was still relatively unstable; (2) talkative children were better able to adapt to the speech of different conversational partners than were reticent children; and (3) adults tended to compensate for a child's lack of conversational activity by talking more to maintain the flow of interaction. (Author/HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reticence; Speech Convergence
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Minneapolis, MN, May 21-25, 1981).