ERIC Number: ED204802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Audience Considerations upon the Revisions of a Group of Basic Writers and More Competent Junior and Senior Writers.
Hays, Janice N.
A study to determine the effect of audience on student writers' revision strategies involved 13 college students, seven reasonably competent upper-level writers and six basic writers, who were assigned to write for an hour on a uniform essay topic, composing aloud into a tape recorder as they did so. Six of the upper level students and five of the basic writers had been exposed through previous coursework to the concepts of substantive revision and audience awareness in writing. In measuring revisions, each student's written text and tape-recorded protocol were examined; sense of audience was inferred from the evidence within the protocol and from information elicited during post-composing interviews; and student papers were ranked using a primary trait scale. Results indicated that those students who composed with a strong sense of audience and purpose were less concerned with lexical and scribal matters and more focused upon the ideas that they wished to convey than were the writers without this involvement. This phenomenon was especially striking in the performances of the basic writers. (AEA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Audience Awareness; Protocol Analysis; Revision (Written Composition)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (32nd, Dallas, TX, March 26-28, 1981).