ERIC Number: ED204770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
An Alternative View of the Thirties: The Industrial Photographs of Lewis Wickes Hine and Margaret Bourke-White.
Smith, C. Zoe
The photographs of Margaret Bourke-White and Lewis Wickes Hine are graphic accounts of the urban industrial United States during the Depression of the 1930s. Hine was a sociologist who initially used his camera to promote social reform and is best remembered for his photographs of immigrants at Ellis Island, New York, and of children laboring in coal mines and textile mills. He later concentrated his photography on Americans on the job, especially when that job meant working with machinery, hoping to depict the true dignity and integrity of labor. Documenting what was good about laborers--their control over themselves and their machines, and the dependence of one laborer upon another--motivated his earlier work. Margaret Bourke-White was more intrigued by architecture and industry, although she photographed a variety of subjects during her career with "Fortune" and "Life" magazines. Bourke-White seemed not to have appreciated or understood the worker's relationship to industrialized society. To her, machines were a series of beautiful patterns to which she attributed human qualities. In her photographs, humans merely served as reference points from which to judge the tremendous size of machines. Her lack of compassion in these early industrial photographs is what clearly distinguishes her work from that of Hine. (HTH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bourke White (Margaret); Depression (Economic 1929); Hine (Lewis Wickes); Photojournalism
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981). Some pages may not reproduce clearly.