ERIC Number: ED204768
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Foreign Staff Reductions and News Coverage: An Exploratory Comparison of Two Newspapers' Content.
Among the possible results brought about by the reduction from 1970 to 1980 of the overseas staffs of American newspapers were (1) increased reliance upon official or state media as news sources; (2) a nation underinformed despite its heavy worldwide political, economic, and cultural involvement; and (3) a lack of coherent reporting of the historical and human complexities of a situation. With this in mind, the foreign news coverage from the Chicago "Tribune" (which drastically reduced its foreign staff) and the New York "Times" (which maintained a sizeable foreign staff) was compared to examine the impact of foreign staff reductions on the quality of foreign coverage. Foreign news content was analyzed in 14 issues of each paper for each of the ten years. Variables recorded were geopolitical focus (first, second or socialist, and third world news) and origin (wire service or correspondent). Although both papers published progressively fewer foreign items, the decline was noticeably greater for the "Tribune." In eight of ten years the "Times" published more correspondent items than wire service items, while in none of the ten years did the "Tribune" correspondents provide more items than were taken from the wire services. As "Tribune" correspondents became more involved in third world coverage, the paper relied more heavily on wire services for first world news while the "Times" maintained its correspondent coverage of all three geopolitical regions. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chicago Tribune; Foreign News Correspondents; New York Times; News Reporters
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981).