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ERIC Number: ED204670
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Sex Role and Depressive Mood.
Small, Arnold; And Others
Research has suggested that an association exists between sex role identity and typing and affective states. The relationship of sex role type and depressive mood was explored through the direct manipulation of affect in a mood induction procedure. Female (N=208) and male (N=131) subjects, classified as either androgynous, masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated by their scores on the Bem Sex Role Inventory, completed measures yielding indices of depression, anxiety, hostility and interpersonal dependency. Androgynous persons reported the least depression, anxiety, and hostility; masculine types reported less interpersonal dependency. Subsequently, subjects from the original sample (N=170) were randomly assigned to the neutral or depression conditions of the Velten Mood Induction Procedure. Androgynous types again reported the least anxiety and depression in the neutral condition; however, when exposed to depressive stimuli, they exhibited the greatest increase in depression. Masculine types showed no mood changes. The results support the hypothesis that sex typing is associated with depression, because sex types were differentially susceptible to depression. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Moods
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (27th, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1981).