ERIC Number: ED204417
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Ability Grouping on Secondary School Students.
Kulik, Chen-Lin C.
The question of whether ability grouping has a positive or negative effect on school children is probed. This review on the topic covers experimental studies that divide students of a certain grade within a school into classes differing in average ability level. It is limited to secondary schools in the United States. An objective and quantitative approach, meta-analysis, was used. Results show that students gained more from grouped classes than from ungrouped ones. The effects of grouping on student attitudes toward subject matter were more striking than the effects of grouping on student achievement. Effects of grouping on attitudes toward school and self concept were also positive. This meta-analysis confirmed some common beliefs about the effects of grouping, and provided quantitative estimates of the size of grouping effects based on a large number of diverse studies. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Learning and Teaching.
Identifiers: Meta Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).