ERIC Number: ED204367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Summer Learning and the Effects of Schooling: A Replication of Heyns.
Ginsburg, Alan; And Others
In Summer Learning and the Effects of Schooling, Barabara Heyns found that schooling has a marked impact on achievement. This conclusion is based on analyses that show school-year achievement gains are greater than summer gains, summer being considered a temporary absence of schooling. Heyns' data came from a household survey and school-administered standard achievement reading tests of 2,978 grade 6-7 students in Atlanta. Students were tested three times during a calendar year. A replication of Heyns' analyses using the Sustaining Effects Study of Title I data base, a nationally representative sample of 15,579 students in grades 1-6 in 1975-76 was undertaken. Extensive home interviews and achievement tests in math and reading for fall and spring were available for all the students, and achievement tests over three years were available for a nonrandom sample of about 2,500 students. The replication results support Heyns' finding that school-year achievement gains are greater than summer gains, especially for math achievement. Achievement levels were found to be related to student socioeconomic background, but learning in either the summer or the school year was found to be unrelated to socioeconomic status. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills; Research Replication; School Effectiveness; Sustaining Effects Study
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).