ERIC Number: ED204165
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Sex, IQ and Program-Studied as Factors in Mathematics Achievement, Grade Six.
Hungerman, Ann D.
This final study in a series reports the investigation in detail of the sex-related differences in the mathematics achievement of sixth grade students. Students were stratified in four intelligence levels with 91.5, 101.5, and 111.5 IQ as cutpoints. Twenty computation scores and eight contemporary mathematics scores were derived from the California Arithmetic Test and the California Mathematics Test administered to 951 students in three programs: 1965 traditional, 1965 new math (SMSG), and 1975 modern. A summary of results indicates that sex-related differences were least likely to occur at the highest intelligence level and most likely to occur at mid-intelligence levels. Many small but statistically significant differences favored the girls almost exclusively in computation. The few statistically significant differences favoring the boys occurred in fraction division and in two contemporary mathematics variables: number-systems-and-properties, and graphs. Cross-program sex comparisons suggested the influence of the program in emphasizing or counteracting the expected (within program pattern) as sex-related differences. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research