ERIC Number: ED204153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Ethnic Differences in Mathematics Achievement of Black and Mexican-American Adolescents.
Creswell, John L.; Exezidis, Roxane H.
This investigation focused on sex and ethnic differences in mathematics achievement among and between black and Mexican-American adolescents. One hundred twelve subjects were chosen; the selection included 61 blacks and 51 Mexican-Americans. The sample included 42 males and 70 females. All pupils attended the same school, with most from homes low on the socio-economic scale. The instrumentation used resulted in the collection of the following data types: (1) scores of achievement; (2) mother influence; (3) father influence; (4) math as a male domain; (5) usefulness of mathematics; (6) attitude toward mathematics; and (7) teacher influence. Three null hypotheses were posed. Analysis of the data revealed that males achieved higher than females, although females had a more positive attitude towards mathematics. Also, Mexican-Americans achieved significantly higher than blacks, but blacks were more positive in their attitudes. It appears that ethnic background exerts a much greater influence on mathematics achievement than sex. It is felt that ethnic differences should play a more prominent role in future studies of differences in mathematics achievement. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Dallas, TX, 1981).