ERIC Number: ED204071
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec-3
Reference Count: 0
Efficacy of INREAL Intervention for Preschool and Kindergarten Language Handicapped and Bilingual (Spanish) Children.
Weiss, Rita S.
Evaluation of the 1974-77 INREAL (INclass REActive Language) demonstration model project, initially serving 518 children (aged 3-5 years), focused on the Colorado program's objectives of increasing language handicapped and bilingual (Spanish) children's language development significantly and preventing later language-related learning problems in mild-to-moderate language handicapped children. Project goals were to improve the language and related learning skills of the children by a naturalistic, non-stigmatizing method using inclass service delivery, thus redefining the traditional role of the speech-language pathologist. A 1976-77 experimental study of matched INREAL and control groups measured language development and indicated that INREAL intervention effected highly significant language improvement. A longitudinal experimental study gathered data for three years (1977-80) after the INREAL program had ended and revealed that use of the INREAL method at preschool and kindergarten levels resulted in the need for substantially fewer follow-up remedial services (remedial reading, speech-language pathology and learning disabilities) and fewer retention-in-grade placements. A cost effectiveness study showed a per pupil saving on follow-up special services of $1,283.76 and a bilingual pupil saving of $3,073.16 for the three years studied. Per pupil instructional cost ($175) of INREAL treatment was absorbed within one year after treatment ended. (NEC)
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Bilingual Students, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Assessment, Intervention, Language Skills, Learning Disabilities, Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Education, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Remedial Programs, Second Language Instruction, Spanish Speaking, Special Education, Specialists, Teaching Methods, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Colorado; Project INREAL
Note: Paper presented at the Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) Project Directors' Meeting (Washington, DC, December 3, 1980).