ERIC Number: ED204007
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Measuring Individual Differences in Self-Control and Self-Regulation in Early Childhood.
Schwarz, J. Conrad
The construct validity of four measures of delay of gratification as indices of a stable personality disposition--that is, the disposition to adaptively delay gratification--is examined. The four measures (Choice-to-Delay, Wait-to-Accumulate, Wait-upon-Request, and Ratings by Knowledgeable Informants) are described and empirical evidence that bears on their construct validity with preschoolers is assessed. Three types of evidence which seem to be relevant in determining the construct validity of such a personality trait are reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Results of a research program focusing on these issues suggest that (1) ratings by multiple knowledgeable informants seem to be the most promising method for obtaining valid indices of the disposition to adaptively delay gratification; (2) the Wait-upon-Request task seems promising as an early index of delay attributes that may be stable over time; (3) Wait-to-Accumulate shows a sex difference in validity that may be due to modal differences between males and females in the saliency of specific social motives; and (4) Choice-to-Delay seems not to be valid as an index of a stable disposition to adaptively delay gratification. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Convergent Validation; Discriminant Validity
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).