ERIC Number: ED203755
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May-1
Reference Count: 0
The U.S. Office of Education and the Role of Accreditation.
Proffitt, John R.
The history of the U.S. Office of Education's (OE) relationship with private accrediting agencies is traced. "Criteria for Nationally Recognized Accrediting Agencies and Associations" have been used to determine which accrediting agencies and associations are reliable authorities for identifying the quality of training offered by institutions or programs. Such recognition is linked to the determination of eligibility for federal funds. Additionally, a system of state approval agencies funded by the federal government has approved courses of study for enrollment of veterans and evaluated unaccredited programs of study. Policies developed in 1969 that affected the character of the Commissioner of Education's list of reliable authorities provided that each accrediting agency on the list will be reevaluated by the Commissioner at least once every four years and that the Commissioner will specifically define the accrediting agency's scope (i.e., the level and type of educational programs that they accredit). The original Criteria for Recognition (1952) were revised in 1969 to include additional provisions, including due process in considering applicants for accreditation. The 1974 revision of the Criteria added a criterion that reflects the quasi-public nature of accreditation. The following aspects of the Criteria are addressed: the functional aspects of accrediting agencies, their responsibility, their reliability, and their autonomy. The Division of Eligibility and Agency Evaluation of OE has assisted both federal and state agencies in developing an understanding of the accreditation process. OE has also funded research projects that can be directly beneficial to the accreditation community, and has sponsored or cosponsored conferences and forums on the topic. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Office of Education