ERIC Number: ED203724
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Rank and Salary Differentials in the 1970s: A Comparison of Male and Female Full-Time Teachers in Canadian Universities and Colleges.
A statistical profile of the salaries, rank, and representation of women and men full-time faculty in universities and colleges in Canada is presented. Data from "Statistics Canada" for the academic years 1972-73, 1975-76, and 1977-78 were used in the comparative analysis. Between 1972-73 and 1977-78, women remained a minority population, 13 to 14 percent of the full-time teaching staff. Throughout the 1970s women continued to be concentrated in the assistant and lecturer rank and men continued to be found disproportionately in the full and associate professorship ranks. Regardless of the year, the modal degree for women was a master's degree, whereas for men it was the Ph.D. degree. Even when sex differences in highest earned degree were taken into account, women, as compared to men, were still absent from full professorship ranks and were primarily found in the lower ranks. Women were conspicuously absent from the engineering and applied sciences and from mathematics and the physical sciences. They were more likely to be found in education, fine arts, humanities, and the health sciences (primarily nursing teaching positions). In 1972-73, the median salary of male full-time teachers was 25 percent higher than the median salary of women. In 1975-76, and in 1977-78, the male median salary was 22 percent higher. Sex differences in rank account for much of the observed male and female differentials in median salaries. Additionally, differences in male-female salaries remain even when sex differences in factors known to influence salaries are taken into account (i.e., rank, highest earned degree, age, years since highest degree, and field of study). An explanation of the analytic techniques employed in the comparison and a bibliography are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), College Faculty, Comparative Analysis, Degrees (Academic), Departments, Educational Attainment, Foreign Countries, Full Time Faculty, Higher Education, Intellectual Disciplines, Research Methodology, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences, Teacher Salaries, Women Faculty
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, 151 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1P 5N1 ($8.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).