ERIC Number: ED203528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Who Stays? Who Leaves? An Examination of Sex Differences in Staying and Leaving.
Poole, Millicent E.; Low, B. C.
The purpose of this study was to examine the major determinants of the "staying" and "leaving" process for samples of Melbourne (Australia) male and female adolescents. Sixty attitudinal statements were obtained from 796 adolescents and factor analysed. The subset of independent variables, together with a set of personality and ability measures, was used to predict staying or leaving status. Discriminant analysis was undertaken, with "leaving" status and sex as the dependent variable, using a stepwise method. Two significant functions were identified, the first suggesting a sex-dimension, the second a stayer-leaver dimension. In the present study, female adolescents achieved good grades and tended to be comforming and more influenced by teachers. Males were more extroverted, self-interested, fatalistic, more likely to rate their chances of success highly, and less conventional and conforming in their attitudes to school. Early leavers generally were not academically motivated, lacked organizational skills, came from lower socioeconomic backgrounds, had poor verbal ability, and rarely discussed future job plans with parents. Stayers were characterized by high motivational ability and organizational skills, higher socioeconomic status, and supportive families. (Author/MLF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia (Melbourne)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).