ERIC Number: ED203512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
School Organization and Student Attendance.
Hill, Linda; Engelhard, George, Jr.
A test of the effects of school organization, the school environment, and the larger community context on school attendance showed that environmental and contextual factors have the strongest impact. Using a model based on organizational theory, researchers hypothesized that, within the community context, environmental factors would affect school organization which would in turn affect school effectiveness (indicated by attendance). Environmental variables consisted of school size, expenditure per pupil, and overall student poverty level; organizational variables included pupil-teacher and pupil-paraprofessional ratios; and contextual variables comprised the school district's poverty level and the stability of its student population. Path analysis was used to correlate data from a sample of 93 public elementary schools in Chicago. The results indicated that school organization was strongly affected by school environment but had little direct influence on attendance once environmental factors were controlled for. Attendance can be most strongly correlated with the school's and the district's poverty levels and with the district's student stability. Future research should use better indicators of school organization (such as tracking) to test its relationship to attendance. (RW)
Descriptors: Attendance, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Environment, Elementary Education, Expenditure per Student, Organizational Effectiveness, Organizational Theories, School Districts, School Effectiveness, School Organization, School Size, Schools, Student Mobility, Student Teacher Ratio
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chicago Public Schools IL; School District Wealth
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).