ERIC Number: ED203442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Metropolitan Desegregation Remedies: Interdistrict Relief.
Chapter 21 of a book on school law traces the development of metropolitan interdistrict school desegregation. Historically, the first multidistrict cases were filed to secure the desegregation of intentionally segregated school districts. Subsequently, multidistrict cases were filed in metropolitan areas where there were so few white students remaining in the center city school system that the plaintiffs apparently felt meaningful desegregation was not practical. A third impetus for metropolitan interdistrict desegregation is to achieve perceived equalization of educational opportunities. The developing approach is to use the existing legal theory of interdistrict desegregation and apply it to the metropolitan area. The constitutional standard for imposing a metropolitan interdistrict desegregation remedy was defined in Milliken v. Bradley, involving the Detroit (Michigan) public school system. Specifically, racially discriminatory acts of the state or local school districts, or of a single school district, have been a substantial cause of interdistrict segregation. Factors considered by various courts in determining whether there has been intentional discrimination are discussed. The appendix lists the significant decisions involving interdistrict desegregation. Each district and appellate court decision in the major litigated cases is summarized. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Desegregation Methods, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Interdistrict Policies, Metropolitan Areas, Public Schools, School Desegregation, School District Reorganization, School Districts, Urban Schools
Not available separately; see EA 013 472.
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Organization on Legal Problems of Education, Topeka, KS.
Identifiers: Milliken v Bradley; Supreme Court
Note: Chapter 21 of "School Law for a New Decade" (EA 013 472). For related documents, see EA 013 472-492.