ERIC Number: ED203396
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
CEDA vs NDT: The Fact-Value Dichotomy Emerges in Educational Debate.
Jones, M. Anway
To eliminate the rapid pace, heavy reliance on evidence cards, and professional jargon associated with the debate style of the National Debate Topic (NDT), the Cross Examination Debate Association (CEDA) proposed the use of a value topic--instead of a policy topic--to restore balance among argument, analysis, and evidence in debate. Initial arguments against CEDA were that it was senseless to argue attitudes, although many writers hold value judgments equal to factual proposition. While NDT relied on excessive evidence, CEDA debated with an absence of evidence, but it has been observed that most NDT debators use opinion evidence as first choice, followed by factual evidence. If evidence is to give clarity, insight, and support to the case in point, then evidence can be considered as facts, statistics, and value judgments. Values can be identified and assessed on the same principles as are facts. In value proposition debates, judges are not deciding which value is better, but rather which course of action is likely to produce the least harm. Coaches and debators should consider value propositions as being equal in importance to policy propositions and thus should explore all the possible ways to evaluate value judgments. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cross Examination Debate Association; Forensics; National Debate Topic
Note: Some pages may not reproduce clearly.