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ERIC Number: ED203363
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Affect of Arab News: Post-treaty Portrayal of Egypt and Israel in the Mass Media of Three Arab Countries.
Cooper, Anne Messerly
A study of 4,692 news stories from Egyptian, Algerian, and Tunisian electronic and print news media was conducted to see how state-controlled media reflected government policy changes following the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and the subsequent diplomatic break between Egypt and Arab League nations. The study found that the three controlled press systems used more positive and negative affect when referring to Israel and Egypt than did the noncontrolled systems, which exhibited largely neutral or mixed affect. The patterns of bias that emerged from the study suggested that government-controlled Arab media do not slavishly follow government policy, and that the media of individual Arab countries exhibit striking differences. For example, Tunisian news treatment was straightforward, presenting the majority of stories without bias, Algerian treatment colored the majority of references to Israel and Egypt, and Egypt's penchant for bias fell somewhere in between. Finally, all Arab media exhibited certain patterns of affect: Arab-to-Arab, Arab-to-Israel, and Arab-to-other. The negative affect with which Arab media portrayed Israel seemed intransigent and thorough-going. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Algeria; Egypt; Israel; Tunisia
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981). Not available in paper copy due to marginal legibility of original document.