ERIC Number: ED203358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Israeli Invasion of Southern Lebanon: An Expanded Directional Analysis of Middle East Crisis Coverage on ABC, CBS and NBC.
Reed, David L.; Cline, Carolyn Garrett
Following a 1978 commando raid by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Israeli troops crossed the Israeli-Lebanese border to establish a "security belt" to prevent further PLO action in Israel. A study was conducted to determine whether the coverage of the Israeli invasion by the three commercial television networks in the United States was balanced favorably or unfavorably toward the two sides. News coverage of the Middle East by the three networks was randomly selected from three time periods: one year before the invasion, the period from the PLO raid until the cease fire ten days later, and the 30-day period following the cease fire. Statements about the Israelis and the PLO were rated as either favorable or unfavorable, generally reflecting a value judgment or editorial position on the part of the news anchorperson or correspondent. Results showed that (1) the Palestinians received the greatest number of unfavorable references on all three networks during the year prior to the raid, (2) the Israelis received almost equal degrees of favorable content on all three networks, (3) all three networks showed a still more unfavorable attitude toward Palestinians and somewhat less positive coverage of Israel during the crisis, and (4) all three networks reversed the direction of their Palestinian coverage in the 30 days after the cease fire. (HTH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Israel; Palestine Liberation Organization
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981).