ERIC Number: ED203357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Participants in or Reflectors of the Social Change Process? Six Selected Magazines Consider the Birth Control Controversy, 1915-1925.
Twenty-two issues of each of six magazines published between 1915 and 1925 were analyzed to determine whether those magazines served only as mirrors of social change or took a more active role, either as agents of social change or as agents of social conservatism. Specifically, the study examined the manner in which the following magazines covered the birth control controversy: "Good Housekeeping,""Atlantic Monthly,""Catholic World,""The Nation,""The New Republic," and "The Journal of the American Medical Association." One hundred fifty-nine articles concerning the subject were found in the magazines. Of these, 107 were judged to view birth control in a positive manner and 48 to view it in a negative manner. Only two articles were judged to be neutral. The analysis revealed that (1) two of the magazines ("The New Republic" and "The Nation") served as active agents of social change, (2) one ("Catholic World") acted as an agent of social conservatism, (3) two ("Atlantic Monthly" and "The Journal of the American Medical Association") seemed to serve as passive agents of social conservatism, and (4) one ("Good Housekeeping") served primarily as a mirror of social change. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (64th, East Lansing, MI, August 8-11, 1981).