ERIC Number: ED203318
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Paper Voices: How Dictation and Word Processing Are Changing the Way College Graduates Write.
Halpern, Jeanne W.
Because of dramatic changes in the technology of written communication, college graduates are now producing letters, memos, and reports by dictating for word processing systems. Case studies from structured interviews with 28 people in business, industry, government, and the professions show that the composing process of writers who use the new systems includes three stages: predictation planning, dictating, and revising, editing, and correcting. Difficulties in each stage stem from differences between the recursive writing process and the requirements of producing speech that sounds like writing. Among the difficulties are (1) thinking through paragraphs, sentences, phrases, and words in advance; (2) attending simultaneously to the needs of the long term audience (the addressee) and the short term audience (the keyboard operator); and (3) making appropriate stylistic adjustments between habits of speech and conventions of writing. College writing teachers can prepare students to address these problems by helping them adapt the familiar process of writing to the unfamiliar requirements of speaking writing. (Copies of dictated letters with revisions marked are appended.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dictation; Word Processing
Note: Research prepared at Purdue University.