ERIC Number: ED203284
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Order, Rhetorical Predicate Structure and Passage Topic on the Recall of Discourse.
Gordon, Belita M.
Ninety college students wrote free-recall protocols immediately after reading each of three different passages in a study of how three factors affected the comprehension and recall of expository discourse. The three factors were the order in which a passage was read within a series of passages, the rhetorical predicate structure of the passage (cause-effect, contrast), and the topic of the passage. Analyses of the 270 protocols showed that order of presentation significantly affected the students' recall of propositions and their addition of implicit propositions. Predicate structure did not affect recall significantly, but passage topic did. The trends in the recall of explicit and implicit propositions suggested both a practice effect and a fatigue effect, because subjects produced substantially more propositions of both types for the second passage they read than for the first or third passages. Additional analyses of student recall protocols indicated the presence of an "argument" schema redirected from the text by the students to guide them in their reconstructions of the discourse. The passage topic with the lowest production of implicit propositions and the highest number of errors had only three of the four categories of the argument schema, suggesting that incomplete schemata can negatively affect recall. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schemata; Story Grammar
Note: Research prepared at Georgia State University.